Millions of Users Downloaded 28 Malicious Chrome and Edge Extensions
Malware hidden in 28 third-party extensions for Google Chrome and Microsoft Edge redirects users to ads or phishing sites, Avast warned this week.
Distributed through official app stores, the extensions appear to have been downloaded by approximately 3 million people.
The extensions were apparently designed to help users download videos from some of the most popular platforms out there, including Facebook, Vimeo, Instagram, VK, and others.
Additionally, these extensions were designed to redirect users to other websites. As soon as the user clicks a link, information about the action is sent to the attacker’s control server, which can respond with a command to redirect to a hijacked URL before redirecting again to the site they wanted to visit.
In addition to getting a log of all user clicks in the browser, the attackers can exfiltrate personal and other types of information from the infected machines, including birth dates and email addresses, along with device data such as login times, device name, operating system, browser, and IP addresses.
Avast believes that the operation is aimed at monetizing traffic, with the attackers receiving payment each time a redirection to a third-party domain occurs. Additionally, the extensions redirect to ads or phishing sites.
The operation appears to have been active for years, but without being discovered. Mentions of the hijacks have been observed as early as December 2018.
According to Jan Rubín, malware researcher at Avast, the extensions might have been built with the malware inside right from the start, or could have gotten the code in an update, after the extensions gained popularity.
“The extensions’ backdoors are well-hidden and the extensions only start to exhibit malicious behavior days after installation, which made it hard for any security software to discover,” Rubín said.
The malware also has the ability to hide itself, which makes it difficult to detect. For example, if the user searches for one of the malware’s domains, or if the user is a web developer, then no nefarious activities are performed.
“It avoids infecting people more skilled in web development, since they could more easily find out what the extensions are doing in the background,” Avast explains.
Both Google and Microsoft have been informed on the findings and they have started removing the problematic extensions. Users are advised to either disable or uninstall them.
A full list of the malicious extensions is available on Avast’s website.