Here’s How Security Flaws in GE Relays Could Be Exploited in Real World Attacks


Organizations using Universal Relay (UR) products made by GE’s Grid Solutions have been informed this week that many of the devices in this product line are affected by nearly a dozen vulnerabilities.

Grid Solutions is a GE Renewable Energy business that provides electricity management solutions for the energy sector, including oil and gas, as well as industry and infrastructure organizations.

Advisories published this week by the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) and GE Grid Solutions (account required) inform customers that more than a dozen UR protection and control relays are impacted by a series of vulnerabilities to which 10 different CVE identifiers have been assigned. The vendor has released firmware updates that should patch the vulnerabilities.

GE grid relay vulnerabilitiesThe flaws are related to inadequate encryption of communications, exposure of potentially sensitive information, cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks, denial-of-service (DoS) attacks, unauthorized firmware uploading, the inability to disable a factory service mode, and the presence of hardcoded credentials in the bootloader. More than half of the vulnerabilities have a severity rating of high or critical.

Researchers from SCADA-X, Verve Industrial, VuMetric and the Department of Energy’s Cyber Testing for Resilient Industrial Control Systems (CyTRICS) program have been credited for finding the security holes.

Ron Brash, director of cyber security insights at ICS management and cybersecurity provider Verve Industrial Protection, told SecurityWeek that he has identified two or possibly three of the vulnerabilities — he says it’s difficult to say exactly due to multiple disclosures and some likely overlap. These include flaws that can be exploited to upload malicious firmware to the device, obtain potentially sensitive information, and access a device or disrupt it.

According to Brash, exploitation of these vulnerabilities requires direct or network access to the targeted system.

“Generally these devices are not found on the Internet directly unless someone has not applied any secure deployment strategies, or has inadvertently misconfigured various network infrastructure devices/security apparatuses,” he explained.

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In terms of impact, the expert pointed out that while the vulnerable relays are used within the energy industry, they are not limited to the “grid.”

“For example, a mine may be generating power, and these types of devices might be present,” Brash explained. “This can mean that the results or motivations of what ‘an attacker could do’ might be situationally dependent, or require specific contexts. Therefore, in continuation of the example, if your mine needs energy to keep liquids unfrozen (e.g., washes, effluent management systems, etc), and the mine is located in Canada’s North, then you might have a BIG problem during winter. Secondly, if you can get access to these devices, and upload your own logic or firmware, then you can effectively brick them, upload malicious functionality, and the consequences will be highly negative.”

He added, “I don’t wish to speculate as to the motives, or what could be accomplished by an attacker, but if exploited at scale (which by the way, takes a great level of skill, budget, and organization) – nothing positive would result.”

Contacted by SecurityWeek, GE said it’s currently not aware of any attacks exploiting these vulnerabilities.

“GE was made aware of vulnerabilities related to GE’s Grid Solutions’ Universal Relay (UR) family products and immediately worked to assess any potential impact and remediate the reported vulnerabilities. GE’s UR firmware Version 8.10 and greater resolve the identified vulnerabilities, and we encourage our customers to visit the Grid Solutions customer portal and/or the CISA Advisory for additional information and mitigation recommendations,” said a GE spokesperson.

Related: Critical Flaw in GE Protection Relays Exposes Power Grid

Related: Over 100 GE Healthcare Devices Affected by Critical Vulnerability

Related: Open Source Tool Helps Organizations Secure GE CIMPLICITY HMI/SCADA Systems

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Eduard Kovacs (@EduardKovacs) is a contributing editor at SecurityWeek. He worked as a high school IT teacher for two years before starting a career in journalism as Softpedia’s security news reporter. Eduard holds a bachelor’s degree in industrial informatics and a master’s degree in computer techniques applied in electrical engineering.

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