Unique TTPs Connect Hades Ransomware to New Threat Group – E Hacking News


 

Researchers claim to have uncovered the origins of Hades ransomware’s operators, as well as the unique tactics, methods, and procedures (TTPs) they use in their attacks. 

The Hades ransomware initially appeared in December 2020, following a series of attacks on a variety of institutions, but limited information about the culprits has been released to date. 

Gold Winter has been identified as the threat group behind the Hades ransomware, according to Secureworks’ Counter Threat Unit (CTU). They also disclosed data about Gold Winter’s actions that set it apart from other similar threat organizations, implying that it is a financially driven, most likely Russian-based “big game hunter” after high-value targets, primarily North American manufacture. 

The researchers stated, “Some third-party reporting attributes Hades to the Hafnium threat group, but CTU research does not support that attribution.” 

“Other reporting attributes Hades to the financially motivated Gold Drake threat group based on similarities to that group’s WastedLocker ransomware. Despite the use of similar application programming interface (API) calls, the CryptOne crypter, and some of the same commands, CTU researchers attribute Hades and WastedLocker to two distinct groups as of this publication” 

According to the researchers, the investigation of Gold Winter showed TTPs that were not found in other ransomware families, with some showing resemblance but with uncommon characteristics added.

As per the researchers, GoldWinter: 

– It names and shames victims, but it doesn’t employ a centralized leak site to make stolen information public. Instead, Tor-based Hades websites appear to be personalized for each victim, including a victim-specific Tox chat ID for conversation. Tox instant messaging is a technique CTU researchers haven’t seen in other ransomware families. 

– Is renowned for copying ransom notes from other high-profile families like REvil and Conti, substituting webpages with contact email addresses, and adding unique victim identifiers.

– Replaces randomly generated five-character strings for the victim ID and encrypted file extension with words—e.g., cypherpunk. 

– SocGholish malware disguised as a phoney Chrome update and single-factor authentication VPN access is used as first access vectors. 

– Deletes volume shadow copies using the “vssadmin.exe Delete Shadows/All/Quiet” command but uses a distinctive self-delete command with an unusual inclusion of a “wait for” command. 

Marcelle Lee, senior security researcher, CTU-CIC at Secureworks, tells CSO, “Typically when we see a variety of playbooks used around particular ransomware, it points to the ransomware being delivered as ransomware-as-a-service (RaaS) with different pockets of threat actors using their own methods. We do not, however, think that is the case with Hades.” It is most likely that Gold Winter operates as a private ransomware group, she added.

It is also possible that Gold Winter has been organized by another threat group to throw law enforcement and researchers off their trail, Lee continues. 

For Hades, Lee suggests adopting common ransomware defense and mitigation strategies: Implement an endpoint detection and response solution, as well as multi-factor authentication for internet-facing devices and for user apps, as well as efficient asset management. She also suggests efficient patch management and membership to customized threat intelligence to raise awareness of emerging dangers and have a tested incident plan and team.



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